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cheese

When you imagine divers searching an old shipwreck, you'd expect something out of the Titanic where they come across jewels and fallen chandeliers.

But not in Sweden. Nope, these divers found cheese. Stinky cheese.

Researchers were exploring a historic royal shipwreck called the Kronan, just off the south-east coast of Sweden, when they came across something that smelled really, really bad.

Lars Einarsson told his local newspaper, Kvallsposten, that the divers found it "pressed into the clay" and when they moved near it, the smell was unbearable.

"That's when they small hit is. I certainly don't recommend tasting it. It's like a mixture of yeast and Roquefort… whose character lives on in their smell.

"It's a mass of bacteria," he added.

The cheese was unveiled earlier this week after divers spent two weeks exploring the ship from 1676. They also found 14 gold coins, a diamond ring and a significant amount of 17th century pharmaceuticals.

Historians believe that the royal ship tried to sail through rough weather and somehow ignited its gunpowder magazine, which blew off the ship's bow.

Not ideal.

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The amount of people that suffer from headaches is astoundingly mind-numbing. The World Health Organisation estimates that 47 per cent of adults suffer from headaches at least once a year. 

Most people think not getting enough sleep or hormonal changes can trigger a sore head, and while they are big factors, there are other sneaky influences that can cause your head to throb too: 

1. Zoning out in front of the TV

Relaxing after a stressful day is actually a classic headache trigger. Called the Let Down headache, it usually arises when you let your hair down after a hectic day. 

 

2. Bad weather

A study from the journal Neurology reports that you can get a headache or migraine if the weather is particularly bad. If you're constantly going from the chilly outside, to the heated inside, the temperature change can be a major problem. 

 

3. Your mam (or dad)

According to the Migraine Research Foundation, if one parent suffers from migraines there is a 40 per cent chance their child will suffer too. And if both parents suffer, then the child's chances sky-rocket up to 90 per cent. 

 

4. Switching up your routine

If you're constantly waking up, eating and sleeping at different times every day/week, it can make your head hurt. Try keep a regular routine as much as possible to avoid the pain. 

 

5. Skipping breakfast

Always make sure to grab a bite before you head out in the morning. In a recent study of 1,200 migraine patients, researchers found that missing a meal was the third most common trigger of headaches in females.

 

6. Your friend's strong perfume

About 95 percent of fragrances are made up of synthetic compounds, one of which is benzyl alcohol. This ingredient can be a major cause of headaches, especially if you are scent-sensitive.

 

7. Your liking for strong cheese

Yes, we love cheese too, but it might be causing your sore head. Food and drink release neurotransmitters, which can cause headaches in some people. Triggers include caffeine, chocolate, cheese, alcohol and more. Sob. 

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If you've ever found yourself frantically demolishing a cheese board (with a glass of wine, of course) on a Friday night, it may not be discipline that's the issue, it's addiction.

While we all know that hard drugs like cocaine and heroin are highly addictive, you may be more surprised to discover that your mozzarella habit might be as difficult to beat as drugs. 

A study carried out by the University of Michigan set out to discover ‘the drugs of the food world.'

The reason cheese is so hooking is down to a protein called casein, which releases opiates called casomorphins during digestion.

Those casomorphins run riot with your dopamine receptors, triggering addictive elements in the brain.

Co-author of the study, Nicole Avena said: "This is a first step towards identifying specific foods, and properties of foods, which can trigger this addictive response."

"This could help change the way we approach obesity treatment. It may not be a simple matter of 'cutting back' on certain foods, but rather, adopting methods used to curtail smoking, drinking and drug use."

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Yesterday, the new iOS software update allowed iPhone owners and emoji enthusiasts to express their love of all things burrito, unicorn and cheese. 

There was a lot of cheese loving happening. People were more excited about the cheese than the Bank Holiday weekend it seemed.   

UNICORNS

Now, we feel like there could be an explanation behind this worldwide cheese addiction.

A study recently published in the US National Library of Medicine has examined why certain foods are more addictive than others. 

Surprisingly (or perhaps not if you’re a cheese freak), cheese was found to have the same addictive properties as many drugs.

According to the LA Times: “certain foods are addictive because of the way they are processed. The more processed and fatty the food, the more it was associated with addictive eating behaviours.”

An ingredient in cheese called casein makes cheese particularly addictive because of the way this is broken down into an opiate called casomorphin during digestion. The property has led Dr. Neal Barnard, founder of the Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine, to call cheese “dairy crack.” 

This is not a joke by the way, your cheese addiction is now validated. Thank you science!

"[Casomorphins] really play with the dopamine receptors and trigger that addictive element," registered dietitian Cameron Wells told Mic

Pizza was the food which was crowned the most addictive, which is thought to be as a result of the cheese topping.

So, now that we know there’s an actually explanation behind our love of cheesy food, who wants to try the Pizza Diet?

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You can think twice if you think your love for grilled cheese is just a random quirk!

Apparently, our food habits say a lot about who we are, with subtle differences in taste dictated by our upbringing. 

Scientists are increasingly linking our food preferences with our personality traits, so if you want to find out what your love for chocolate means, read on:

If you love grilled cheese…

You're seductive, charitable and worldly. 

Research carried out by dating site, Skout, quizzed 4,600 people on their diet, bedroom habits and lifestyle and what they found out was quite interesting.

The survey found that 81 percent of cheese lovers donate time, money or food to those in need. And 84 percent enjoy travelling compared to only 78 percent of people who don't like cheese. 

And if you love a cheddar toastie in the evening, it also means you have a good time in the bedroom! They discovered that 73 percent of cheesy people have sex at least once a month, compared to only 63 percent of non-cheese lovers. 

 

If you love chocolate…

You're selfless and good-natured.

A study carried out by the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology found that people with a sweet tooth tend to have sweeter dispositions.

The research found that those who like chocolate are more likely to volunteer to help another person. They're also more agreeable and even-tempered than those without a sweet tooth.

 

If you love pepperoni pizza…

You're extroverted and argumentative

A survey from the Smell & Taste Treatment and Research Foundation tested 500 adults on their preferred pizza topping. 

The results found that people who like pepperoni on their pizza thrive when they're the centre of attention and are more likely to be extrovert than those who like other toppings.

They are also more likely to be argumentative and procrastinators, while those who like chicken as a topping are likely to be driven, assertive and competitive. 

 

If you love curry…

You're a risk-taker.

Research by the University of Grenoble found that people who like spicy food are more likely to be financial, sexual and behavioural risk-takers. 

Spice-lovers are also seen to be daring and adventurous and prove to work better in intense situations. 

 

If you love ice-cream…

You're impulsive and idealistic.

If you're partial to vanilla ice-cream, you're likely to be dynamic and idealistic.

Smell & Taste Treatment and Research Foundation used various tests to determine that ice-cream lovers are impulsive and rely on intuition more than logic. They are also seen as more emotionally expressive and work better in close relationships. 

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We all treat ourselves from time to time, but when the craving for a certain food won't go away, it may be something to think about.

There's no 100 percent way to figure out exactly why you want to eat a particular type of food at a particular time. It can baffle the best of us!

But some food cravings can hint at nutritional deficiencies or other health issues, according to Joseph Colella, author of The Appetite Solution

While you might not be able to diagnose yourself on food cravings alone, putting your food cravings into context can help to give your body what it really needs. 

So consider these triggers the next time you're reaching for the snacks:

Chocolate

If you crave chocolate, it doesn't mean your body has a chocolate deficiency (although we would probably prefer that).

Chocolate is high in magnesium and cravings often indicate that this mineral is low in your body. If this craving strikes, eat foods such as nuts, seeds and leafy greens. 

And if you must go for the chocolate (because let's face it, who can resist), choose organic or eat dark chocolate. 

 

Sweets

If you crave sweets you could be experiencing blood sugar fluctuations. When you blood level drops, your body is telling you to give it more fuel. 

While eating a handful of sweets might give you a rush of energy for a few minutes, beware, because you will come crashing down.

Instead try fruit, beans or wholegrains to give your body the energy it needs. 

 

Salty Food

Cravings for salty foods like popcorn or chips often indicate stress hormone fluctuations in the body – so getting on top of stress in your life is step one.

The adrenal glands in our bodies help to cope with stress, and in our hectic lives, it often gets worn out. Try meditation or breathing exercises to nab anything getting out of control.

 

Cheese

A craving for cheese or pizza could mean you have a fatty acid deficiency, which is actually common in most people. Eat foods such a raw nuts, wild salmon and flaxseeds. Regularly eating these types of foods should cut the cheese craving out altogether. 

 

Red Meat

Not surprisingly, a craving for red meat usually means you have an iron deficiency. Women are particularly vulnerable to this during their periods and head straight for burgers or steaks. 

Eat more iron-rich foods like beans, prunes, figs and other dried fruits. And if you need the meat, choose a lean or organic cut. 

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We all love a good, hearty meal at times – and on these days (hello there, August rain), a cheesy treat is the way to go.

Inspiring many great Italian meals, we have rounded up the best cheesy treats for you to indulge in. Hurrah!

Whether you want to spoil yourself on the weekend, or make your a loved-one or flatmate a mid-week surprise, here are the tastiest and easiest Italian dishes you can show off with:

 

Umbrian-style white pizza

If you don't like tomatoes, this is the way to go. 

  • Buy a pizza base (or make one from scratch like a boss)
  • Top with wafter thin slices of potato, six anchovies, sage leaves and torn pieces of a mozzarella ball
  • Cook in a very hot oven for 15 minutes and viola – you pizza is made!

 

Stuffed baked potato

This snack is pure perfection and full of golden, crispy goodness.

  • Take one big baked potato (already baked that is) and slice in half
  • Scoop the potato out of the skin and put it into a bowl
  • With that, mix in crispy bacon, a dollop of cream, some butter, mozzarella cheese and salt and pepper
  • Spoon the mixture back into the potato skins and pop in the over at 220C for 20 minutes

 

The ultimate cheese omelette

Cheese and eggs are a match made in foodie heaven.

  • Thinly slice some mushrooms, half a red onion, chives and a tomato
  • Then crack three eggs into a bowl and mix everything together, along with seasoning
  • Fry the mix on a hot pan with a knob of butter and immediately add some grated mature cheddar and parmesan
  • Cook for 5/10 minutes and then just enjoy the oozy goodness

 

Italian Mediterranean pasta salad

A glorious Italian taste sensation

  • Bung a bag of penne pasta into boiling salted water and cook al dente
  • Add frozen peas at the last minute
  • Drain the whole lot and pour into a bowl with a good glug of olive oil.
  • Stir in a cup of crispy bacon, chopped chives, veg of your choice and a packet of your preferred cheese
  • The cheese will melt and ooze and transform the whole thing into a fabulous tasty meal

 

Kicky cheesy scones

Super easy yeast-free bits – just try not to eat them all!

  • Rub together 225g of self-raising flour, 55g of butter and a pinch of salt
  • Then stir in a liberal amount of cheddar
  • Pour in 150ml of whole milk and stir until you reach a doughy consistency
  • Separate into ten even pieces on a baking tray, brush with milk and grate some strong cheddar on top
  • Bake in a pre-heated oven at 220C for about 12 minutes.

 

Cappuccino cheesecake

For something a little bit sweeter try this

  • Mix crushed digestive biscuits with 85g of melted butter and a tablespoon of espresso coffee
  • Then pour the mixture into a baking tin and squash down so it's all even
  • Stir three tablespoons of espresso into a pan along with half a tub of mascarpone and heat gently, stirring until it bubbles
  • Then drop four gelatin leaves into a bowl of cold water to soften
  • Squeeze excess water from gelatin and add to coffee-cheese mix until dissolved
  • Beat the other half of the mascarpone tub with 225g of icing sugar
  • Stir the coffee and sugar together until sweet and creamy, than slather thickly over your biscuit base
  • Leave overnight and see what glorious-ness awaits you in the morning
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These cheesy stuffed mushrooms are not only mouth-watering but really easy to make too.

What you’ll need:

  • 3 slices streaky bacon
  • 8 crimini mushrooms
  • 1 tbsp. butter
  • 1 tbp. chopped onion
  • 90g grated Cheddar cheese

What you’ll need to do:

  1. Fry bacon in a large, deep frying pan. Cook over a medium high heat until evenly brown. Remove, dice and set aside.
  2. Preheat oven to 200°C.
  3. Remove mushroom stems. Set aside caps. Chop the stems.
  4. In a saucepan over medium heat, melt the butter. Slowly cook and stir the chopped stems and onion until the onion is soft. Remove from heat.
  5. In a medium bowl, stir together the mushroom stem mixture, bacon and two thirds of the cheddar. Mix well and scoop the mixture into the mushroom caps.
  6. Bake in the preheated oven 15 minutes, or until the cheese has melted.
  7. Remove the mushrooms from the oven, and sprinkle with the remaining cheese.
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Stuffed mushrooms make a very easy starter if you have dinner guests over.

Simply have them prepared, stick them under the grill when the guest arrive and voilà! Domestic goddess.

What you’ll need:

Serves 2

  • 2 portobello mushrooms
  • 2 tbsp. such as Philadelphia or Boursin
  • 1 garlic clove (unless the cream cheese is flavoured)
  • Handful of grated mature cheddar cheese
  • Sprinkle of fresh rosemary
  • 2 tsp olive oil
  • Handful of breadcrumbs

What you’ll need to do:

  1. Preheat the oven to 180°C and line a baking tray with parchment paper.
  2. Wash and dry your mushrooms well to ensure they won’t be too soggy when cooked.
  3. In a bowl, combine the cream cheese and finely chopped garlic. Add a pinch of salt and black pepper.
  4. Massage the mushrooms with the olive oil.
  5. Spread the cream cheese over underside of the mushroom, getting into all of the grooves.
  6. Sprinkle with the cheddar and finely chopped rosemary.
  7. Add the breadcrumbs on top. Repeat with the second mushroom.
  8. Bake for about 15-20 until the mushroom is soft, the breadcrumbs are golden and the cheese is melted and bubbling.
  9. Serve with a fresh green salad to balance the richness of the cheeses.
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We Irish love our garlic cheese chips!

Here is a homemade version of the take-away favourite. Yum!

What you’ll need:

  • 2 large potatoes
  • 5 cloves garlic
  • 1 handful of chives (optional)
  • 3-4 tbsp. mayonnaise
  • Juice of half a lemon
  • 2 handfuls of grated full mature cheddar cheese
  • salt and pepper

What you’ll need to do:

  1. The first thing to do is make the chips! Preheat the oven to 180°C and line a baking tray with parchment paper.
  2. Cut the potatoes into chip shapes and place in a pan of cold water.
  3. Bring the water to the boil and then drain the chips out.
  4. Drizzle with olive oil and season, spread out onto the baking tray. Bake for 20-30 mins or until golden brown and soft in the middle.
  5. Grate the garlic cloves and stir into the mayonnaise with the parsley and lemon juice.
  6. Top the chips with the mayo, sprinkle the cheese over the chips and enjoy!
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Everybody loves Macaroni and Cheese, it is rich, comforting and so tasty!

What you’ll need:

  • 300g macaroni pasta
  • 2 tbsp butter
  • 1 1/2 tbsp plain flour, heaped
  • 550-600ml low-fat milk
  • 200g mature cheddar
  • 1/2 tsp nutmeg
  • 50g emmental cheese
  • 50g parmesan cheese
  • Breadcrumbs, to cover
  • Salt
  • Pepper

What you’ll need to do:

  1. Cook the pasta to instruction, drain and set aside.
  2. Grate the cheeses and set aside.
  3. To make the roux, melt the butter and add the flour. Pour in the milk and stir constantly until it gets a little thicker.
  4. Add the nutmeg to the roux.
  5. Mix in the grated cheese and melt until a smooth sauce is achieved.
  6. Add the pasta and cover well with the sauce.
  7. Pour the macaroni and cheese mixture into a baking dish and sprinkle the breadcrumbs on top.
  8. Place in the oven until the top is golden and the cheese is bubbling.
  9. Enjoy with some broccoli.
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