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heart attack

An organisation called WoManikin has finally created the first standard female CPR dummy in order to reduce the gender health gap.

The product was formed in response to shocking studies by Duke University, which discovered that women suffering from cardiac arrest are 27 percent less likely to receive CPR in public.

Why? Boobs. That’s why. The advertising agency resolved the issue by making a first-of-its-kind attachment of breasts for the dummy.

According to research by the British Heart Foundation, just 34 percent of women are likely to survive from the period of cardiac arrest to the admission to hospital.

It’s a multi-faceted issue, but education is the key to finding a solution. People are totally unused to practising CPR on dummies which resemble women’s actual bodies, and the #MeToo movement has had an effect.

Men are now twice as likely to cite a fear of accusations of inappropriate behaviour or sexual assault as reason for not administering CPR, the University of Colorado found.

The WoManikin was produced in partnership with the United State of Women and JOAN. The organisations involved aim to tackle both sides of the issue, and have the product distributed at CPR training courses across the USA.

The attachment of foam breasts represent a woman’s torso, and those using the attachment will be better placed to perform resuscitation on a woman’s body.

JOAN co-founder and chief creative officer, Jaime Robinson, stated; “At the core of JOAN’s ethos is a deep-rooted commitment to gender equality.” Targeting social unease surrounding CPR is key.

“When we read about the Duke University study and this long-standing problem in the world of CPR, we saw a relatively simple way to help change things.

“CPR manikins are designed to look like human bodies, but they actually represent less than half of our society,” she added.

“The absence of women’s bodies in CPR training results in hesitation from bystanders, which in turn results in women being more likely to die in cardiac arrest. Our hope is that the WoManikin will bridge this gap in education and, ultimately, save many lives.”

Gender equality in healthcare is still far away in the distance, however. The rolling back of reproductive rights in America and the CervicalCheck scandal displays this unequivocally.

Feature image: www.womanikin.org


We've all fallen upon a pack of painkillers in the throes of a vicious hangover and thanked the universe for their existence, but according to recent research it's worth remembering that they don't come without their own risks.

Drawing a link between cardiac arrest and regular use of non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS), researchers from Finland, Germany and Canada warned doctors to communicate the risks associated with the medication before prescribing them after conducting analysis of previous studies and establishing that data relating to 450,000 individuals showed that 61,460 of them had suffered a heart attack. 

The study, which was published in the British Medical Journal, illustrated the risk pattern, with authors stating that there was "a rapid onset of risk" for heart attack within the first week of use while risk was highest during the first month of taking the painkillers.

Delving further still, researchers established that taking a high dose between 8 and 30 days was 'particularly harmful' while individuals who routinely take celecoxib, ibuprofen, diclofenac, naproxen and rofecoxib were between 24 and 58 per cent more vulnerable to the onset of a heart attack.

Commenting on their findings, the authors explained: "Compared with non-use of NSAIDs in the preceding year, we documented that current use of all studied NSAIDs, including naproxen, was associated with an increased risk of acute myocardial infarction."

"Given that the onset of risk of acute myocardial infarction occurred in the first week and appeared greatest in the first month of treatment with higher doses, prescribers should consider weighing the risks and benefits of NSAIDs before instituting treatment, particularly for higher dose," they added.

"Whether you are being prescribed painkillers like ibuprofen, or buying them over the counter, people must be made aware of the risk and alternative medication should be considered where appropriate," surmised Dr Mike Knapton, associate medical director at the British Heart Foundation.

Eager to assuage the fears of the public, John Smith of the Proprietary Association of Great Britain explained that the research wouldn't apply to those on lower dosages.

"People taking over-the-counter NSAIDs should not be concerned by this research if they are taking the medicine occasionally for short periods and according to the on-pack instructions."

It should be noted that high doses were considered in excess of 1,200mg a day of ibuprofen, 750mg a day of naproxen and 25mg a day of rofecoxib.


Former Celebrity Big Brother star Pete Burns has died at the age of 57 after suffering from a massive heart attack.

He died yesterday and a statement today from his management has confirmed the singer's sad passing. 

“It is with the greatest sadness that we have to break the tragic news that out beloved Pete Burns of (Dead Or Alive), died suddenly yesterday of a massive cardiac arrest.

“All of his family and friends are devastated by the loss of our special star.

“He was a true visionary, a beautiful talented soul, and he will be missed by all who loved and appreciated everything he was and all of the wonderful memories the has left is with.

“We have no more words, we will make a further statement when we have had a chance to come to terms with our devastating loss

“He will live forever in our memories

“Sending you all our love. Lynne, Michael, Steve."

Mr Burns hailed from Wirral, Merseyside, and found fame after establishing the band Dead Or Alive in 1980. In more recent years, he went on to feature on several reality television shows.

His appearance was drastically altered via plastic surgery procedures – which he himself numbered at around 300 in total. Shockingly, some 200 of those surgeries are believed to have taken place over just a two year period.