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the wizard of oz

Scientists have used an airtight algorithm to determine the most influential film of all time and surprisingly, it’s not Star Wars.

Researchers at the University of Turin, Italy, calculated an influence score for 47,000 films from classics to modern-day.

And they found that The Wizard of Oz is the most influential movie in Western cinema.

The number one film was followed by Star Wars in second place and Psycho in third.

To calculate influential scores, researchers looked at a film’s overall effect on the movie industry, including subsequent films that were inspired by its themes.

Dr. Livio Bioglio, the lead author, said: "We propose an alternative method to box office takings — which are affected by factors beyond the quality of the film such as advertising and distribution — and reviews — which are ultimately subjective — for analysing the success of a film.

“We have developed an algorithm that uses references between movies as a measure for success, and which can also be used to evaluate the career of directors, actors and actresses, by considering their participation in top-scoring movies.”

The study was able to apply this same algorithm to determine the most influential film directors and actors as well.

Coincidentally, the five directors credited for The Wizard of Oz were ranked in the top eight: Alfred Hitchcock (third), Steven Spielberg (fifth) and Stanley Kubrick (sixth).

As far as actors go, Samuel L. Jackson topped the list (unsurprisingly) and was followed by Clint Eastwood and Tom Cruise in second and third place.

Top-ranked actress consistently scored lower than their male colleagues, said the study’s author, except in musicals and Swedish films which tended to show more gender equal results.

The study’s results, although surprising, coincide with the massive influence The Wizard of Oz has had.

Based on a popular book series, the original film has sparked various remakes as well as other films with similar magical themes.



We apologise in advance for breaking the hearts of any die-hard film fans out there but unfortunately they will have to strike at least one piece of Hollywood memorabilia from their list.

The dress worn by Judy Garland in the 1939 film The Wizard of Oz sold for just under €1.5m at an auction in New York on Monday. 

The blue and white gingham dress, one of ten thought to have been made for the actress in her role as Dorothy, was among the top items in the Bonham’s and Turner Classic Movies Hollywood memorabilia auction.

On their website the auction house described the costume as: 

"A short cream-colored cotton blouse with a high neck, pale blue rickrack trim at the cuffs and neck, hook-and-eye and snap closure at the back, reinforced shoulders, and a bias label inscribed, 'Judy Garland / 4461'.

The dress even has sweat stains around the neck but is otherwise in "good condition". 

It had been expected that bidding for the dress would reach up to €1.2m, but clearly sweat was not an issue for one lucky millionaire.


A year ago, the Cowardly Lion costume worn by actor Bert Lahr in the same film sold for almost €3m at a Bonham’s auction.

We are assuming that the substantial price difference possibly had something to do with no mention of body odour in the lion costume description. 

The most expensive item of movie memorabilia clothing was Marilyn Monroe’s ivory pleated “Subway” dress from the 1955 movie The Seven Year Itch.

The dress sold at auction in California in 2011 for €5.2m 


On your weekly event guide, The Line-Up, Niamh Geaney satisfies your musical buds with concerts, musicals and gigs! We also take a look at a hip flea market in Bray and a fashion exhibition in Kilkenny. Check it out!

Join us back here tomorrow for Pic ’n’ Mix where we round up the hits and misses of the box office.



This year’s Academy Awards is said to have “tribute to heroes” as a theme, with a special nod give to the 1939 musical, The Wizard of Oz.

The film, at the time of its release gained six nominations at the Oscars and won a single one for Best Original Score and Song.

The movie is one of the great classics and starred the beautiful Judy Garland, so we can’t wait to see how they celebrate this milestone in movie history!