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Polycystic ovary syndrome (PSOC) is a condition that affects one in five women on child-bearing age. 

Polycystic ovaries are ovaries containing a large number of harmless cysts that are no bigger than 8mm each. 

Those who suffer with the condition may also experience a various symptoms including irregular or no menstrual periods, heavy periods, excess body and facial hair, acne, pelvic pain, and difficulty getting pregnant. 

For years, scientists struggled to determine a an exact cause of PCOS, but a new study published in Nature Medicine has shone a light on the issue. 

A team led by Paolo Giacobini at the French National Institute of Health and Medical Research discovered discovered that levels of Müllerian hormone (AMH) were 30 per cent higher in pregnant women with PCOS than those without.

With a cause now more-or-less established, researchers are able to explore a whole range of opportunities with the hopes of finding a cure. 

Robert Normal, from the University of Adelaide, Australia, said: “It’s a radical new way of thinking about polycystic ovary syndrome and opens up a whole range of opportunities for further investigation.”

 

 

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Is there anything worse than an ingrown toenail, or anything that sounds more disgusting? We’ve often wondered what causes them so that we could perhaps prevent ourselves from getting them – and so, we found out:

Genetics
There’s not a whole lot you can do if this is the cause of your ingrown toenail. Some nails are a shape which is more prone to becoming ingrown, so you just have to pay your toes some extra attention.

Sports
Some sports, such as running or football, cause repetitive stress on your toes. This can make them more likely to become ingrown. One way of combatting this is to invest in the proper footwear.

Not cutting your nails properly
It’s important to cut your nails straight across and not to make them too short. Giving them a bit of a curve and making them too short can lead to ingrown toenails, and it doesn’t sound like super short toenails would feel too nice either!

Shoes that are too small
We’d all love dainty little feet, but squeezing your size nines into something smaller is not doing your toenail situation any favours. They can push the side of your nail into your toenail – ouch!

Injured nails
If you’ve ever dropped something on your toe and the toenail fell off, the nail that grew back is more prone to becoming ingrown. So watch out! 

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Anyone can suffer from a migraine, at any age. If you’ve been forced into spending hours in a darkened room, you’ll know how awful they are – but do you know what’s causing them? Here are seven causes of migraines, that perhaps you didn’t know about before:

A change in routine
Doing something as simple as changing your sleep routine, can cause migraine for some people. Even something nice like going on holiday can trigger an attack. This is why some people find that they may only suffer migraines at the weekend. How unfair.

Stress
It’s a well known fact that stress can cause migraines, and sometimes the pain only starts when the stress is easing off. If you needed a reason to sit back and relax, then this is it.

Sleep
Either too much or too little sleep can cause headaches. You need to get it just right, just like Goldilocks.

Caffeine
If you drink more than four or five cups of tea a day, this could be causing your migraine. Try cutting back, rather than cutting it out completely, as the sudden shock to your system could also trigger a migraine.

Hormones
Many women may find that their migraines start at puberty, and raise their ugly heads at that time of the month. Damn those hormones, they never give us a break, do they?

Sudden, vigorous exercise
If you don’t usually exercise and then suddenly run a marathon, this can trigger a migraine. 

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There’s nothing worse than being told to pop a mint in your mouth, when you go to give your other half a smooch. So avoid the embarrassment and make yourself aware of the possible scenarios in which your breath may be a bit on the smelly side.

When you have a cold
When your nose is blocked, you end up breathing in and out through your mouth more often. This dries out your mouth and reduces the saliva which is a natural cleanser and neutralises decay causing acids.

Too many sweets
You might find yourself with bad breath if you’ve been scoffing sweets. Bacteria has a sweet tooth and loves it when you indulge in that bag of jellies at the cinema. Make sure to brush your teeth properly afterwards!

Mouthwash
This is a strange one, but many mouthwashes have too much alcohol that end up drying out your mouth once the minty taste wears off. Opt for a brand with less alcohol in future.

High protein diet
When your body has to metabolise a lot of protein, it excretes ammonia through your breath, and it doesn’t smell nice.

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